Understanding Egyptian magic is very complex and tedious, as it is a product of thousands of years of intense research and practical details, perfected by men of religion and magic.
Egyptian magic is an amazing topic for study and research, when you look at the number of papyrus documents and texts written over a period of 4500 years, you will start grasping the amazing and mammoth proportions of the topic! People are still trying to comprehend the wonderful repository of Egyptian magic and occult procedures and processes.
On the other hand, researchers and seasoned magicians around the world are trying to extract those techniques and tricks that help them to enhance their repertoire as well as skills. Egyptian magic is also a timely fusion of things and principles that are both good and bad.
The Ancient Pharaonic Egyptian Religion
Ancient pharaonic Egyptian religion had a pronounced influence and impact on the magical rituals and ceremonies. Egyptian magic also relied on the basic aspect of honoring a number of gods and deities, which were the most important aspects of Egyptian people. It also had a solid and robust philosophy behind it. Virtually, every function or a ceremony had its own share of magic and occult just to protect people and the locality from those invisible evil forces and spells.
Though local priests and clerics commonly practiced Heka, other lesser-known magicians followed inferior methods of occult to get rid of evil forces. Egyptian magic also had a solid philosophy and set of rules attached to it; no one dared to deviate from these basic rules and primary codes, as demanded by the gods themselves. Here are some basic rules and ideas that created the Egyptian magic, which is still in vogue today and for the next few thousand years.
The Rituals and Spells in Pharaonic Magic
Egyptian magic has many basic principles supporting it such as:
The Spell or the spoken part of the magic: Generally, there was both a right and wrong way of doing it, though it may not work in the end.
These spells always obeyed and followed some basic principles, like, stressing on a particular word correctly and diligently. When you utter it correctly, it will come to be and turn into a reality, thus the spell was the most important factor of a magic ceremony.
The entire magic ritual involved a specific physical performance such as drawing a circle or creating a candle arrangement. There was also a distinctive practice of protecting the all too important pharaoh, which was usually by using a process called Cartouch! Some of these spells even wanted to get rid of poisonous creatures like insects, scorpions and fleas. In deed, scorpions were the most common poisonous animals found all around Egypt.
The Priests of Pharaonic Magic
To carry out important spells, priests always used magical wands made out of bone or ivory. Priests used these tools to make either a square or a circle before casting a spell. Such drawings always had the shape of a boomerang, contained magical carvings and unusual figurines so that the spells cast were very powerful and energetic.
Almost all court priest magicians were very powerful and well known, because they had the ultimate capacity to control evil and good forces of nature. By nature, these people were special, courageous, virile and heroic in applying the principles of heavenly magic without any fear or fright.
Most of the great pharaohs had their own temple priests who also acted as proficient magicians. These priests were the “scribes of the house of life” for their role and part in providing the best to the royal court.
Lay and sundry magicians stayed within the confines of big towns on the periphery and in small villages.
Most of these men of magic got their basic education in the school of magic, which lay close to the temples and palaces.
Though country magicians never schooled in a formal magic school, they could nevertheless, perform magical spells and procedures with considerable ease.
Ancient Egyptian men of magic, especially, the royal priests had a special duty of protecting the entire royal court, including the harem and royal children.
Royal priests treated magic as a tool to treat sick people, cure people of evil forces, protect royalty from the traitors and henchmen.
Using Pharaonic Magic for Reincarnation
Magic was a proficient tool for creating a safe passage for the deceased royalty, when it as used as a protective spell to safeguard the path to reincarnation.
Egyptian magic is a multifaceted art that varies considerably in its objectives based entirely on the desired goal.
By their nature, Egyptian people believed in resurrection and saw the next or the other world as similar as this one, that too only better. However, they also insisted that someone needed magical efforts to achieve the goal.
Egyptian Hypothetical Magic
Egyptian hypothetical magic brought life like images of the next world with their magical spells. One such scene was creating a series of servant statues called ushabtis (“a servant telling that I am answering you”) and such statues were created for resurrection in the next life to help the deceased souls. Egyptians also believed that there would be every mortal thing in the after-world like palaces, farmlands, laborers and farming animals. Egyptians also insisted that things would become only better in the other world.
There was an intense feeling that servant statues would stand with their arms crossed and magical spells inscribed on their entire body.
In fact, many Egyptians buried more than 365 statues (one for each day in the year) to perform the basic duties for them. Egyptian used to bury these statues deep inside the earth in the hope that they will serve them in the next world.
The Books, Oracles and Amulets of Pharaonic Egyptian Magic
The Book of the Dead was the most honored textbook that provided a number of magical spells for the priest magicians.
For a batch of 365 statues, there was an inspector or overseer, whose duty was to check on the activities of other statues. Well built, he made sure that all the statues worked diligently for hours and hours.
Egyptian magic also created statues called Oracles that had the capability of talking and deciding legal cases after listening to both parties.
However, Egyptian magic relied on wonderful tools called amulets, those small ornaments designed specially for personal protection. Egyptians created different types of amulets for different reasons and for the dead and living.
Some of the well-known amulets were The Eyes of Horus Amulet specially made for achieving good health. People wore this amulet around the neck and it represented falcons for its share of heavenly power. After each session of fighting with the evil forces, the damaged eyes of the Horus regenerated magically. People from old Egypt used Horus for better health and prosperity.
However, the Scarab or the Beetle, was the most famous and common amulet. The Scarab provided people a sense of continued existence even after after-life. Egyptians also believed in its ability to help procreate without the participation of both sexes. The main characteristics of a scarab were its common usage, a pronounced beetle shape and its distinctive word called “pun”. Egypt of yesteryears gave too much importance to beetle insects and revered them with their heart.
However, rarest of all rare amulets was the ankh, the looped cross, which represented eternal life and a continuous journey. It is very difficult to find such a rare amulet and it was the official property of the royalty by the temple priests. Most of the Ankhs seen touching the pharaoh’s mouth, give them life and resurrection.
The dead souls and the deceased had their own special amulets called Djed Pillar amulet, the backbone of the god Osiris. The most pronounced aspect of this amulet is its little shape carved like a pillow; ancient Egyptians wore this amulet to get unlimited stability and health.