Goddess HathorA wild horned cow goddess of eternal love, Hathor also signified happiness and glad tidings throughout the Egyptian kingdom. She was also the god of happiness and good tidings, apart from acting as the custodian of women, dance and music. In the early images and paintings available in the texts, she wears the head of the cow or also as a woman wearing the wild horns of the cow. He also represented things like papyrus reeds, the snakes and a rattle named sistrum.

Very early in the Egyptian myth, she was the mother of Horus; her name, Hathor means the “house of Horus”, which provides us a clue of her link with Horus. The queen of Egypt identified very closely with Hathor, as the queen was the mother to the mighty pharaoh, who is also the living Horus. Legend also provides us an invaluable clue about the immortal power of Hathor; as soon was a child took his birth, seven important Hathors used to come near the bedside to foretell the future and the hour of death of the just born child. Hathors were so considerate that they always used to exchange the ill-fated child with a more fortunate child that lived longer and happier. The group of sisters, as Egyptians knew Hathors, always played tambourines and wore disks and horns of Hathor.

However, The Story of Re tells us that she was the child created by her father Re, as Sekhmet, who was the destroyer of men disobedient to the father. After distressed by seeing the killings, he wanted to stop her killing too many men, but she went on with her habit of killing with out any mercy. As a final effort, Re disguised beer in the form of blood and offered his daughter the pitcher containing beer. As soon as Hathor drank the pitcher full of beer, she became intoxicated and forgot to kill men; later, Hathor became the great god of love and affection. She was active in the parts of Dendera, where she was the goddess of rebirth and fertility, while in the great city of Thebes she was the goddess of death!

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Hathor (ḥwt-ḥr, Egyptian for Horus’s enclosure), was an Ancient Egyptian goddess who personified the principles of love, beauty, music, motherhood and joy. She was one of the most important and popular deities throughout the history of Ancient Egypt…

Quote Source: Wikipedia

Hathor Correspondences

  • The Goddess of Love, the Sky, the Sun and Mirth
  • Sacred Animals: Cattle, Gazelle, Cat, Hippo, Snake, Vulture, Lion
  • Gemstone: Malachite, turquoise
  • Color: Red
  • Metal: Gold, Copper
  • Number: 4
  • Planets: Pluto, Sun
  • Zodiac: Leo, Taurus
  • Plants: Myrrh tea, date palm, fig, henna

Image Credit: “Hathor” by Jeff Dahl – Own work. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0-2.5-2.0-1.0 via Wikimedia Commons

Back to Egyptian Gods and Goddesses

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